Posts tagged James W Petty


What does it take to become a Professional Genealogist?


We get it. What you’re really asking is, “Why should I hire a professional genealogist when my good friend, or I, can do my own genealogy in my spare time?”

The truth is, it takes a lot more than enthusiasm or even time spent researching your own family history to be able to perform genealogy at the professional level. Here are just a few of the things it takes to become a professional genealogist.

It Takes Formal Training and Years of Experience

The most obvious difference between professional genealogists and amateur enthusiasts is formal training. We don’t mean to discount the efforts of those genealogy genealogistenthusiasts who spend their free time helping themselves and others research their families. But there is a big difference between someone who has taken years of professional classes and someone who (although earnest) hasn’t ever formally studied genealogy.

Our president, James Petty, received degrees in both in Genealogy Technology and History from Brigham Young University. He’s also received recognition or certification from over a dozen different genealogical organizations.

(You can read more about James Petty by clicking here.)

We don’t mention this to brag; we just think it’s a great example of the kind of lifelong, professional dedication it takes to help others with their genealogy in the way Heirlines strives to do.

It Takes a Wide Variety of Skills

genealogistA professional genealogist does a lot more than research his or her own family history. For example, here are some of the genealogical services we offer:

  • Personal family history reviews
  • Professional research analysis
  • Preparing copies of original documents
  • Court certifiable due diligence
  • Expert witness services
  • Evidence of Heir documentation
  • Professional teaching or speaking

That list is by no means comprehensive, but we think you get the point. There’s a lot more to professional genealogy than being really good at family history. It means you’re prepared to meaningfully apply genealogy research and analysis to a very broad set of situations.

It Takes Entrepreneurship

Let’s face it: there aren’t a lot of huge genealogy companies out there. (Heirlines is one of the leaders in the field of professional genealogy, and even our team is far smaller than what one would consider a “large” company.)

That means when you study genealogy, you have two options:
1. Try to find a job with an established genealogy group (or government agency)
2. Create your own genealogy company and help others discover their family histories
As you probably guessed, Heirlines chose the latter.

Managing a business takes a unique set of skills — skills many amateur genealogists simply don’t (and don’t need to) have.

For example, a professional genealogist must have the following business skills:

  • Time management
  • Customer service
  • Financial management
  • Business writing and excellent communication
  • Marketing and sales
  • Project management
  • Contract management

As any successful business owner will tell you, this list is only the start.

It Takes Time

Finally, the one resource the professional genealogists at Heirlines have that enthusiasts often lack is time.

This isn’t just time spent scouring (although, as professionals, we have far more time to dedicate to that than most enthusiasts). It’s also the time we’ve spent helping thousands of our past clients find millions of names from among billions of records. That cumulative experiences means we’ll find more accurate results much faster than enthusiasts.

It’s the time we spend attending professional genealogy conferences, continuing our education, and developing new skills so we can stay up-to-date with the latest in genealogical practices.

It’s the time spent walking our clients through what we’ve discovered in our research and explaining the historical significance of their ancestors’ lives.

It’s the time to make progress, every day, instead of sporadically (as many enthusiasts are forced to do).

As you can see, there’s a big difference between a professional genealogist and a hobbyist/enthusiast. If you’d like to learn more about what professional genealogy services Heirlines offers, visit our Services page or get in touch with us.  (click here to contact us)

online genealogical research

The imperfect road of online genealogical research (pt. 2)


Navigate the twists and turns of online genealogical research with care.

online genealogical researchThe Mechanics of a Hunt

Now we are ready to see a hunt in action!

In the beginning, Mary had very little information to go on. She had last seen her mother when she was a little girl, and her father had long since passed out of her life. Mary knew her mother and father’s names. And that her grandfather Joe Lurgio of Chicago had worked in the theater.

Because all of the family were now gone and no one was available to give more details, only a few oral family traditions had been passed down that could be used to pursue research to find the hoped-for family temple names. She had heard the stories that his wife, Edna, had the same last name as a town in Utah, possibly called Layton, and her mother’s name was something like Maude Spencer.

Because she was unable to travel to Chicago where her family had lived – or to go anywhere, for that matter – Mary stayed home to travel by computer with the World Wide Web to help her with the search. Because there was no one around who could share memories of her people, she had to push forward on her own in the only way available – googling her way on the Internet and using and

But as soon as she began searching the “web,” she found the hunt confusing and daunting. She couldn’t just type in “Lurgio” and find her family history. Nobody had created a certified registered documented and authenticated family tree for her family. It didn’t exist! Mary would have to discover and document her own pedigree.

This search for her true ancestry would strain at all of her known ideas about her family. It would require her to be willing to go way outside of her comfort zone to accept the imperfectness of Internet Research to discover her family on the inaccurate road of historical and genealogical records created by and for her ancestors. She put herself right into that sketchy uncertain path of Internet records and databases and searches as though she were a member of the lost family. Lurgio was an uncommon name in America, and she would have to discover her origins name by name, and event by event.

Beginning with, Mary found her grandfather Joseph Lurgio in only one census on the Internet. In 1920, he appeared with his wife Edna and their daughter June, on Princeton Avenue in Chicago, Illinois; and then after that date, he was gone.

According to the 1920 census record, “Joe” Lurgio, who worked for a theatrical company, was born in Illinois in 1887, and his parents hailed from Italy. His wife Edna at 23 was also in the theater. She was born in California in 1897, and her parents were from New York and Utah. The census shows that little June Lurgio was born in Oklahoma in 1916.

Research was made more difficult because of the time period. There was no online birth record for mother June in Oklahoma, and vital records in Illinois where her grandfather was born, or California, the state where her grandmother came from, didn’t begin keeping statewide registration until after 1900. This made precious little to go on.

The search turned to finding any Lurgio families in the United States. Grandpa Joseph had been born in Illinois in 1887, according to the 1920 Illinois Federal Census, so there must have been Lurgio families around in 1900 or 1910, even on back to the later quarter of the 19th century. The Internet revealed only four Lurgio families in the country in 1910 in Ancestry’s censuses, and of these, only the family of Frank Lurgio resided in Chicago. There was no sign of Joseph.

The 1900 Census identified only one family by that name in that year in Chicago, the family of widow Angela Lurgio. Angela in 1900 was 42 years old, born June, 1857 in Italy, residing on Clark street with four children, Crazista age 16, Guiseppo 10, Pasquale 7, and Angelina, age 3 years. It appeared that there was no Joseph, but Mary knew these were Italian names and that Joseph, is Guiseppo. Here is a possibility for her Grandpa.

It was noted that Pasquale translates to Charles and Crazista – well, that is possibly a creation of her parents or the census taker. It may have been a misspelling of the name Graziata (or Grace, as it might be called in English). Collateral research could shed some light on this family member, which might add corroborating information about the Lurgio family.

Copies were made of all the searched records along with copies of the blank census forms for 1870-1930 that Ancestry provides for future research use.

The search turned again to 1910, where only the family of Frank Lurgio had been found before. This time Mary used a “wild card” search and looked for all variations of names in the Chicago area beginning with the letters “Lur*”. Quite a few names popped up, and among these was the name of Angelino Luregi.

This was a male widower, age 52, which put him close in age to the Angela Lurgio listing that had appeared in the 1900 Census. He also lived in the same census ward as Angela had. When Mary went to the actual record, she found three children, Charles, age 21, Joseph, 19, and Angelina, age 14, living with him. The ages were differed slightly from the 1900 record, but when Mary looked at the 1910 record, they were living on the same street, Clark St. as listed in the earlier census.

This new source also showed that Angelino was the mother of three living children, whereas the census in 1900 indicated that six of Angela’s eight children were living. Angelino was really Angelina and the census taker just misspelled her name.

The key, however, was in the occupations. In 1910, Joseph Luregi was an actor in a five-cent theatre. Grandpa Joseph in 1920 was also employed in the theatre. This looked like it was the same family, but that the census taker had not understood the name or information given by the family.

Mary next looked at the U.S. World War I Draft Registration, which took place in 1917 and 1918. Joseph and Charles Lurgio would have been just the right age. A search of that index on the computer revealed their papers. Joe Lurgio, a theatrical supervisor in Chicago, Illinois, stated that he was born in Chicago on January 26th, 1888. In 1917, he was living with his mother, his wife, and a three-month-old child. He was short, slender, and had brown eyes, and dark brown hair. A similar search for Charles Lurgio, revealed a Charles D. Lurgio in Toledo, Ohio, who was born in Chicago, Illinois, on Jan. 6, 1892. He was short, stout, with brown eyes, and black hair; and was working at the St. Valentine’s Theatre. There is that theater connection again!

Angela Lurgio wasn’t found in the 1920 Census, but in 1930 she possibly appeared in the 29th Ward of Chicago, Illinois, as Angelina Lurgio, age 74, in the home of Tony and Rose Cortese, her daughter. Also in the home were the Cortese children, Anthony, Angelina, Rose, Frank, and Lillian. Further research would have to be done to confirm that this Angelina is Joe Lurgio’s mother.

A Google search turned up an interesting tidbit on an Italian research site where the great grandchildren of Angelina Lurgio wrote about their ancestors Rosario and Carmela (Lurgio) Pullano, who settled in Chicago after their marriage. Carmela’s parents were Cataldo and Angelina (Calabrese) Lurgio, who came to American around 1880 from Oliveto Citra, Salerno, Italy.

While none of this is documented, interestingly enough, documentation was found in the 1900 Illinois Federal Census showing Rosario and Carmela living on Clark Street, right next door to the widow Angelina Lurgio and her four children. Records tracing this family from the Federal Illinois 1900-1930 Censuses have been copied to show how misspellings and varying ages made for many searches until the possible links were found. A further search of the World War I Draft Registration showed numerous Lurgio men living in the Chicago area who were native to Oliveto Citra, Salerno, Italy. Again, more research needs to be done to more clearly document all of these relationships, but the Internet has shown some very fascinating clues and possible family ties.

Interest moved to Edna Layton, the wife of Joseph Lurgio. Census searches were made but were negative. Mary turned to the site on the Internet. This is the official site for the Family History Library of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, a free source for data files, and resource guides.

Searching for Joseph Lurgio, she was surprised to discover an entry for her grandfather as the husband of Edna Maude Layton, of Sevier Co., Utah. The family record, which had been submitted to the site by a niece of Edna Layton Lurgio, noted that Edna was born August 4, 1892, in Richfield, Sevier Co., Utah, the daughter of Edgar N. Layton and Maude Spencer.

Edna was married to Joseph Lurgio, and also to Julian W. Shafer. She died June 4, 1949, in California. The family record stated that Edgar Layton was born about 1867, but his birthplace and parents were unknown. He married Maude Spencer on Nov. 15, 1891 in Piute Co., Utah. She was born October 11, 1869, in Manti, Utah, to Franklin Spencer and Sarah Jane Dodd.

Besides Edna, Edgar and Maude had two other children. Son Edgar Layton died at birth on August 6, 1901. Daughter Ila Galetta Layton was born June 1, 1898, in Richfield, Utah. She was married twice, to a Mr. Pinkerton, and to Victor Hugh Knapp. Maude died April 5, 1902, while her children were still young. What a treasure trove in Family!

Mary was thrilled. Even though this was all undocumented (or family-submitted research), pieces to her family puzzle were coming together, and her history was growing. But the Internet has limitations, and Mary was reaching that point. Edgar and Maude did not appear on the 1900 Census with their two young children. Dozens of searches were made using all manner of approaches to find the family in Utah census records, but nothing worked. In 1910, Mary discovered Ila Layton living in Provo, Utah with her widowed grandmother, Sarah Jane Spencer. Also living with Sarah was her granddaughter Edna, but Edna, age 17, was listed as the wife of Henry Ivie, age 19. Here was a new marriage for Edna, prior to her marriage to Joe Lurgio.

Hunting on the Internet for her family had proven to be an imperfect road to follow. Names were often misspelled in documents, and also incorrectly entered into the online indexes. Records were incomplete, and tying families from one record to another was often based on incomplete data, that provided unsure footing. Family lineages were presented without any source information, and contained errors and contradictions. Nevertheless, the Internet was opening new pathways for Mary’s family history. She just needed to use additional records to document and accurately extend her family lines. But that would be on another hunt or two or three.

Digging Deeper

The imperfect road of internet research was grinding to a halt for Mary. To go further she would need to have research done in Chicago, and Utah. Vital records, births, marriages, and death records and immigration and naturalization records all needed to be searched, and these were not online. Probate records (wills and administrations, and guardianship records) needed to be examined to learn what happened to Joseph Lurgio’s father, and Edna’s father. The Internet didn’t provide that information. City directories needed to be examined, and property records might help connect families together. Church records, Catholic registers in Chicago, and LDS sources in Utah could provide details about the Lurgio and Layton and Spencer families.

The Internet, whether for Mary, or anyone else, is simply a resource. It is a marvelous new means for discovering many useful and important records to explore, establish and verify the family tree. Often cost and expense is required, because money is needed to develop and operate good websites.

In many cases the best websites are also business opportunities in the genealogy field. If they provide useful information and resources, the money spent can be considered money well spent. These websites provide indexes, and datafiles that save researchers many hours and hours of searching; and they often open up new opportunities that were never previously available for genealogists.

For instance, a person can now, in the touch of a few buttons, locate all of the people in America by his surname in a census record. One can also discover many other relatives by searching back to a common ancestor, without ever having corresponded with them before.

Exciting days are ahead for the Internet. Great new collections and datafiles will be added, making research easier and more complete. The imperfect road will be graded, curbed, and covered with asphalt, so to speak, as new records and systems are developed to aid genealogists in their studies. But it will take time to grow and expand, and in the meantime we recognize and use the Internet for what it can provide, and then look to other resources to help us achieve our research goals. Happy Hunting – the best is yet to be!

By James W. Petty, AG, CG

Looking for help with hard to find records or genealogical questions? Contact Heirlines Family History and Genealogy, breaking through family history walls for almost 40 years. We professionally identify and document ancestry and kinship relationships and verify and certify the family tree with Certified Family Trees™ and Certified Forensic Genealogy Solutions™. We’re ready when you’re ready!

Give us a call and speak with one of our professional genealogists today.

Call toll free 1-800-570-4049 or visit us at

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