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Heirlines Professional Genealogy Resources:

Historical Court System of New York State – Part 3: Courts of Limited Jurisdiction

1. Court of General Sessions

a. Court of General Sessions Established 1664

1. Jurisdiction: petty criminal causes, civil causes over 40 S, equity, administration of estates.
2. Jurisdiction Abolished: 1691
3. Appeals From: Justice Courts
4. Appeals To: Court of Assize over £20

2. Justice of the Peace

a. Justice of the Peace Established 1664

1. Jurisdiction:
2. Jurisdiction Abolished:
3. Appeals From:
4. Appeals To:

3. Town Courts/renamed Justice Courts

a. Town Courts Established 1683

1. Jurisdiction: Small causes under 40 S
2. Jurisdiction Abolished: 1691
3. Appeals From:
4. Appeals To: Mayor’s Courts

b. Justice Courts Established 1691

1. Jurisdiction: Small causes under 40 S
2. Jurisdiction Abolished:
3. Appeals From:
4. Appeals To: County Courts

2. Assistant Justice Courts/renamed New York District Courts

a. Assistant Justices Courts Established 1781

1. Jurisdiction: /after 1807 under $25
2. Jurisdiction Abolished:
3. Appeals From:
4. Appeals To:

b. New York District Courts Established 1807

1. Jurisdiction: 12 Districts, NYC has 5 with one in each ward
2. Jurisdiction Abolished:
3. Appeals From:
4. Appeals To:

Submitted by Mary E. Petty, BA (History), BA (Genealogy)
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